The Promised Messiah (as)

Background

  • He was born in 1835 in Qadian, India.
  • He was from a noble family, land owning family of Qadian.
  • He was educated mainly at home by various tutors as was usual at that time. His education mainly consisted of reading in Persian and Arabic, becoming relatively fluent in the former.
  • He had a very deep love for the Holy Qur’an and for prayer.
  • Most of his time was spent on learning the Holy Qur’an in depth and studying other religions.

Qadian Darul Aman

In 1835 Qadian was a small, dusty village situated in the district of Punjab in India which was very hard to reach.

  • Not many visitors came to Qadian, nor was there a train station at that time.
  • Over time, many left their homes and their belongings, which were sometimes quite affluent, to go and live in the small unknown village of Qadian in India, which for them appeared to be in the wilderness, separated from any main town or transport provisions by a day’s journey.
  • Now Qadian is a large town with schools, offices and a train station. Many visitors come every year to visit the birthplace of the Promised Messiah (as).

The Prophecy

“He, it is Who has raised among the unlettered people a Messenger from among themselves who recites unto them His Signs, and purifies them, and teaches them the Book and Wisdom though before that they were in manifest error; And He will raise him among others of them who have not yet joined them. He is the Mighty, the Wise.”

(Surah Al-Jumuah 62:3-4)

 

A companion of The Holy Prophet (saw) relates:

“One day we were sitting with The Holy Prophet (saw) when this chapter was revealed. I enquired from Muhammad (saw), who are the people to whom the words and among others f them who have not yet joined them refer? Salman (ra), a Persian was sitting among us. The Holy Prophet (saw) put his hand on Salma (ra) and said ‘If faith were to go up to the Pleiades, a man from among these would surely find it.’” (Bukhari).

Revelations from Allah

  • The Promised Messiah (as) received many revelations from Allah. The first was in 1868/9.
  • He defended Islam from many false allegations and spoke and wrote about the beauty of Islamic teachings.
  • He took the first bai’at – the pledge of initiation – from people on 23rd March 1889.
  • He wrote more than 80 books.
  • He spoke and debated on the issue where he could discuss the beauty of Islam and Islamic teachings

An Interesting Event

Hazrat Musleh Ma’ood (may Allah be pleased with him) said that at daybreak Ahmadis used to wander around with keen expectation wishing to find out what revelation had been received the night before. They would ask whichever of the Promised Messiah’s children they saw about this. Hazrat Musleh Ma’ood says he and his siblings too would quickly look at the Promised Messiah’s notebook as soon as he left for Salat to see any revelation noted down or they would hear about the revelation in the mosque from his blessed mouth. Thus, was the zest to strengthen faith, glorify and thank God for enabling to accept the Promised Messiah (on whom be peace).

(Friday Sermon, 12/04/2015)

 

Small Stories for children

The Promised Messiah (on whom be peace) used to relate that a gardener’s wife had two daughters. One was married in a family of potters and the other in a family of gardeners. Each time it became cloudy she would panic and say one of her two daughters would suffer. On asking she would explain that if it rained the daughter married in potters’ family would suffer and if it did not rain the daughter married in gardeners’ family would suffer. It is rained the clay pottery of the first daughter would be damaged and if it did not rain the gardens tended by the second daughter’s family would be affected. Likewise, the Promised Messiah (on whom be peace) related that two individuals from Qadian had some dispute. Their friends tried to reconcile them but they both insisted to take the matter to the court run by the British. They were both followers of the Promised Messiah (on whom be peace) and they both requested him to pray for them. Faced with a dilemma the Promised Messiah said he prayed that may the one who is on truth win. Requesting prayers in this way is like the story of the mother who feared that rain or no rain would affect one or the other daughter of hers because someone had to lose out!

 

Life Lessons and examples

In talking about the Promised Messiah (peace be on him) and his daily routine Hazrat Musleh Ma’ood (ra) says that The Promised Messiah (peace be on him) worked hard to maintain his health and to keep his body very active. He was not lazy or inactive at all. Instead, he was very hard working and very much liked to be in seclusion. He did not ever shun the hard work and many times it happened that whenever he had to go on a journey then the horse was sent by the servant ahead of him and he used to walk on foot, sometimes covering 20 to 25 miles he would reach the destination. Rather many times he used to travel on foot and very rarely he would ride at the back of the mount. This habit of walking on foot remained till the end of his life and when he was over 70 years of age with a number of diseases, yet he used to go out for fresh air and walk about 4 to 5 miles, even up to 7 miles. He used to mention that at the time before his old age he used to get up early before the Fajr prayer and would undertake a walk from Qadian to Wadala. While on the walk, the call for Fajr prayer used to happen at around 5.5 miles of the journey near a village where he used to offer the supplication.

The Promised Son

The Promised Son known as Hazrat Mirza Bashir-ud-deen Mahmood Ahmad or Hazrat Musleh Ma’ood’s(ra) birth had been prophesied decades before its occurrence most prominently in the Holy Qur’an whilst also having been explained by the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). The Holy Qur’an states: “And He will raise him among others of them who have not yet joined them. He is the Mighty, the Wise.” (62:4)

Thus, “this verse clearly indicated that in the future other noble persons would be sent by God Almighty to bring mankind back towards His Creator. When this verse was revealed, one companion, Abu Hurreira, repeatedly enquired from the Holy Prophet (pbuh) as to whom the words “who have not yet joined them” referred? Another companion, Salman, who was from Persia, was also sat in the gathering. When answering Abu Hurreira’s question, the Holy Prophet (pbuh) placed his hand on Salman’s shoulder and said: ‘If Faith were to go up to the Pleiades, a man, or men, from among these would surely bring it back’ (Sahih Al Bukhari).

“The Holy Prophet (pbuh) had thus explained that a time would come when the beautiful religion of Islam would become corrupted and defaced. At that time God Almighty would not stand by, but due to His Infinite Love, he would instead send people from amongst the Persian race who would reform Islam and once again spread the true teachings of the Holy Prophet (pbuh). The ultimate fulfilment of this verse came in the person of the Promised Messiah (as) who was sent as a Prophet by God Almighty to rescue Islam from evil forces both within and out of Islam. However, the Promised Messiah’s(as)advent did not herald the completion of the prophecy. On the contrary, because God Almighty had clearly used the words ‘among others of them’ in the verse, Allah had clearly signalled that He would send more than one person. There is no doubt that Hazrat Mirza Bashir-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad (ra) was also sent in fulfillment of that grand Qur’anic prophecy. Among other things, this is evidenced by both the events surrounding his birth and his vast achievements in the cause of Islam.” (The Promised Son by Abid Khan).

The Promised Messiah (as) wrote an announcement in relation to the prophecy revealing the birth of ‘the Promised Son’ on 20th February 1886. This was published in a local newspaper known at the time as ‘Riaz-e-Hind,’ dated 1st March 1886. It is, however, essential to note that this was not on a green paper neither was its later developed publication in the form of a leaflet printed on 22nd March 1886. This leaflet included specific details on the divine prophecy for the understanding of both opposers and believers. For example, it highlighted that the birth of the Promised Son may occur at any point during the period of 9 years.

What followed that was a phase of ridicule and criticism by opponents of all faiths against the Promised Messiah. This was because, after the announcement of the prophecy a daughter named Ismat was born on 15th April 1886 followed by the birth of Bashir (the first) who passed away shortly after 16 months on 4th November 1886. As a result, opponents mocked and questioned the prophecy and its divinity. However, despite criticism from all corners, the Promised Messiah spent this time of pain and anguish with utmost humility, patience and in the remembrance of his creator. We learn therefore that the extent of patience and steadfastness exhibited by the Promised Messiah(as) was essential to awaken an understanding of patience in the hearts of Momins (believers) at the standard that their creator wills.

The death of this Son allowed people to question the revelation as it had claimed that the Promised Son would have a long and fulfilling life who would live to serve his faith. The Promised Messiah in response explained that he had not had a clear sign from Allah that this son would be the same Promised Son upon whom he had previously received the revelation and neither had he claimed that the first-born child would be that child.

Consequently, on 1st December 1888 the Promised Messiah (as) wrote a small leaflet named “Haqqani Taqreer bar Waqea Wafat Bashir,” comprising of an explanation defending the prophecy. Stating regardless of anything the set period of 9 years beginning from its initial 20th February announcement will serve the Promised Son according to Allah the almighty’s promise. Hence this leaflet which reiterated and drew close emphasis upon the details of the prophecy was printed and distributed on a green paper, otherwise famously known as the ‘sabz ishtehar.’

On 12th January 1888 around 10 o’clock in the evening, Allah the Almighty miraculously fulfilled this prophecy through the blessed birth of a son showing the Promised Messiah clear signs that this is the Promised Son in accordance to that prophecy. The Promised Messiah(as) announced the birth of the promised son in ‘Siraje Muneer’.

Moreover, Hazrat Musleh Ma’ood (ra) truly possessed all the qualities clearly mentioned in the prophecy. He was blessed with a long and fulfilling life and befitted all the names that were given ‘such as Mubashir [the Promised One], Bashir [Bearer of glad-tidings], Nurullah [Light of Allah] Sayyeb [Heavenly Rain], Charagh Din [Light of Faith] etc., which reveal his perfect potential and inherent light.

The Promised Son known as Hazrat Mirza Bashir-ud-deen Mahmood Ahmad or Hazrat Musleh Ma’ood’s(ra) birth had been prophesied decades before its occurrence most prominently in the Holy Qur’an whilst also having been explained by the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). The Holy Qur’an states: “And He will raise him among others of them who have not yet joined them. He is the Mighty, the Wise.” (62:4)

Thus, “this verse clearly indicated that in the future other noble persons would be sent by God Almighty to bring mankind back towards His Creator. When this verse was revealed, one companion, Abu Hurreira, repeatedly enquired from the Holy Prophet (pbuh) as to whom the words “who have not yet joined them” referred? Another companion, Salman, who was from Persia, was also sat in the gathering. When answering Abu Hurreira’s question, the Holy Prophet (pbuh) placed his hand on Salman’s shoulder and said: ‘If Faith were to go up to the Pleiades, a man, or men, from among these would surely bring it back’ (Sahih Al Bukhari).

“The Holy Prophet (pbuh) had thus explained that a time would come when the beautiful religion of Islam would become corrupted and defaced. At that time God Almighty would not stand by, but due to His Infinite Love, he would instead send people from amongst the Persian race who would reform Islam and once again spread the true teachings of the Holy Prophet (pbuh). The ultimate fulfilment of this verse came in the person of the Promised Messiah (as) who was sent as a Prophet by God Almighty to rescue Islam from evil forces both within and out of Islam. However, the Promised Messiah’s(as)advent did not herald the completion of the prophecy. On the contrary, because God Almighty had clearly used the words ‘among others of them’ in the verse, Allah had clearly signalled that He would send more than one person. There is no doubt that Hazrat Mirza Bashir-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad (ra) was also sent in fulfillment of that grand Qur’anic prophecy. Among other things, this is evidenced by both the events surrounding his birth and his vast achievements in the cause of Islam.” (The Promised Son by Abid Khan).

The Promised Messiah (as) wrote an announcement in relation to the prophecy revealing the birth of ‘the Promised Son’ on 20th February 1886. This was published in a local newspaper known at the time as ‘Riaz-e-Hind,’ dated 1st March 1886. It is, however, essential to note that this was not on a green paper neither was its later developed publication in the form of a leaflet printed on 22nd March 1886. This leaflet included specific details on the divine prophecy for the understanding of both opposers and believers. For example, it highlighted that the birth of the Promised Son may occur at any point during the period of 9 years.

What followed that was a phase of ridicule and criticism by opponents of all faiths against the Promised Messiah. This was because, after the announcement of the prophecy a daughter named Ismat was born on 15th April 1886 followed by the birth of Bashir (the first) who passed away shortly after 16 months on 4th November 1886. As a result, opponents mocked and questioned the prophecy and its divinity. However, despite criticism from all corners, the Promised Messiah spent this time of pain and anguish with utmost humility, patience and in the remembrance of his creator. We learn therefore that the extent of patience and steadfastness exhibited by the Promised Messiah(as) was essential to awaken an understanding of patience in the hearts of Momins (believers) at the standard that their creator wills.

The death of this Son allowed people to question the revelation as it had claimed that the Promised Son would have a long and fulfilling life who would live to serve his faith. The Promised Messiah in response explained that he had not had a clear sign from Allah that this son would be the same Promised Son upon whom he had previously received the revelation and neither had he claimed that the first-born child would be that child.

Consequently, on 1st December 1888 the Promised Messiah (as) wrote a small leaflet named “Haqqani Taqreer bar Waqea Wafat Bashir,” comprising of an explanation defending the prophecy. Stating regardless of anything the set period of 9 years beginning from its initial 20th February announcement will serve the Promised Son according to Allah the almighty’s promise. Hence this leaflet which reiterated and drew close emphasis upon the details of the prophecy was printed and distributed on a green paper, otherwise famously known as the ‘sabz ishtehar.’

On 12th January 1888 around 10 o’clock in the evening, Allah the Almighty miraculously fulfilled this prophecy through the blessed birth of a son showing the Promised Messiah clear signs that this is the Promised Son in accordance to that prophecy. The Promised Messiah(as) announced the birth of the promised son in ‘Siraje Muneer’.

Moreover, Hazrat Musleh Ma’ood (ra) truly possessed all the qualities clearly mentioned in the prophecy. He was blessed with a long and fulfilling life and befitted all the names that were given ‘such as Mubashir [the Promised One], Bashir [Bearer of glad-tidings], Nurullah [Light of Allah] Sayyeb [Heavenly Rain], Charagh Din [Light of Faith] etc., which reveal his perfect potential and inherent light.

New Years (Jan 2019)

Benefits of Tahajjud

What is Tahajjud Prayer?

Tahajjud prayer is a type of optional, voluntary prayer (Nawafil). It can be offered individually or in a congregation.

 

When is it offered?

Tahajjud prayer is offered in the late hours of the night. The time for Tahajjud prayer starts after midnight and ends when the time for Fajr prayer starts. To offer Tahajjud prayer, one has to go to sleep after Ishaa prayer and wake up at night to pray again. The Holy Prophet (pbuh) used to offer Ishaa prayer and then go to sleep, waking up again just after midnight to pray Tahajjud. To make up for that sleep, he would usually then take a short nap in the afternoon.

 

How many Raka’at is Tahajjud prayer?

Tahajjud prayer typically consists of 8 raka’at, offered in sets of two raka’at. However, anywhere between 2 to 8 raka’at can be offered. In a Friday Sermon delivered on January 2nd 2015, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih V (may Allah be His helper) said: Our Jama’at should be regular in Tahajjud. If not much they should offer two units of Prayer.’

 

What are the benefits of Tahajjud prayer?

Tahajjud prayer is a way of becoming close to Allah Almighty. Tahajjud prayer allows you to gain Allah’s special favours as prayers that are offered in Tahajjud are more readily accepted by Allah. One becomes closer to Allah when offering Tahajjud prayer as he/she gives up sleep and the comfort of a bed to pray to Allah Almighty.

 

Although it is not obligatory, it is very strongly emphasised by the Holy Quran. It has always been the practice of the pious people to perform this Prayer regularly in order to gain Allah’s special favours. The supplication made during Tahajjud Prayer are granted acceptance by God Almighty readily. It is also a vehicle for achieving nearness to God, because at that hour, one gives up sleep and forsakes the comfort of one’s bed, to fall prostrate before one’s Lord.

Tahajjud not only benefits an individual’s relationship with Allah, but also has physical benefits. In a Friday sermon delivered on 2nd January 2015, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih V (may Allah be His helper) said: ‘Tahajjud should be organised because it was the way of the earlier righteous ones and it is a source of gaining closeness to God. This practice keeps one away from sin and removes bad habits and also keeps one away from physical ailments.’

Although it is not compulsory, Tahajjud prayer and its benefits have mentioned several times in the Holy Quran:

 

Verily getting up at night is the most potent means of subduing the self and most effective in respect of words of Prayer. (73:7)

 

Starting the New Year with Tahajjud

The New Year is celebrated across the world with fireworks and celebrations happening throughout the night, however, the majority of these celebrations consist of worldly activities have no religious concern. As Ahmadis, we are guided by Islam and our Holy Prophet (saw) to spend our New Year by self-reflecting and praying to our creator. In a Friday Sermon delivered on 30th December 2016, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih V (may Allah be His helper) guided us all by saying: Thus, if we spend the last night of the previous year and the new day of the New Year pondering over our spiritual conditions and by spending time supplicating towards Allah then we will be the ones who will be working towards a good life hereafter. And if we also indulge in worldly wishes and affairs, then we will lose a lot and gain nothing.’

 

References:

  1. https://www.alislam.org/library/book/ramadhan-blessings/rules-of-fasting/
  2. https://www.alislam.org/friday-sermon/2015-01-02.html
  3. https://www.alislam.org/friday-sermon/2016-12-30.html
  4. https://www.alislam.org/library/book/salat/prayer-offered-in-abnormal-circumstances/
  5. Hygiene of Sleep, Dr. Shah Nawaz Khan – The Review of Religions, April 1993, https://www.alislam.org/library/misc/hygiene-of-sleep/

By Mashel Chaudhry